Analysis of Factors Affecting the Food Consumption of Cattle Farmers and Household Welfare in Probolinggo Regency Indonesia

Camal Adi Maskur || Muhammad N. Ihsan || Suyadi || Suprih Bambang Siswijono

Country - Indonesia

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The lifestyle and well-being of the family are reflected in the household's consumption habits. This research aims to examine the elements influencing the welfare and consumption of beef cattle producers in Probolinggo Regency. In this research, 88 beef cattle breeders made up the sample. Purposeful sampling is the method of sampling. Methods of quantitative descriptive analysis are being used in this study. Using the SEM (Structural Equation Modeling) program PLS.0.7, factors influencing beef cattle ranchers' food intake and family well-being were examined. The results show that the number of family members and enterprise income significantly positively affect food consumption. The side job negatively and substantially impacts food intake. Spending on things other than food has a terrible effect on welfare. The impact of operation time on well-being was both favorable and substantial. The cost of seedlings and feed, as well as food intake, has a negative and significant impact on well-being.

The Influence of Incorporating Red Pepper Powder into the Broiler Ration

Diya AL-Ramamneh

Country - Saudi Arabia

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This investigation examined the influence of incorporating red pepper powder into the feed on the productive performance, carcass and blood measurements in broiler chickens under natural conditions. The experiment used one hundred one-day chicks (Ross 308). Each chick was randomly assigned to one of four treatment groups. Red pepper powder was added to the feed at 0.0%, 0.5%, 1.0% and 2.5%. Feed and water were freely given to the chicks throughout the experimental period. Weekly measurements were taken of body weight and feed consumption. Carcass weight, internal viscera, blood cholesterol, triglycerides, glucose, and proteins at 42 days were measured. The results showed that adding red pepper in different proportions to the meat chicken feed significantly affected both BW, and FI. The percentage of adding red pepper was 1%, the best result. On the other hand, this interaction significantly affected all cholesterol, triglycerides and glucose levels in the blood. In conclusion, red pepper powder can be added to broiler feed mixtures by 1% to improve production efficiency.