Volume 4 Issue 1, January-February 2022

Development of Digital Agriculture in Azerbaijan


Country - Azerbaijan

Full Text Pdf

The requirement for digitalization of the agro-modern complex is self-evident: the execution of the standards of the computerized economy will establish an institutional climate that will relate to the advanced real factors of innovation and, as a rule, will further develop creation proficiency. The article considers the experience of digitalization of agriculture in some developed and developing countries. The digital transformation of agriculture requires the application of digital technologies and platform solutions to ensure technological breakthroughs and increased productivity in this area. Given the trends of the modern world, the digitalization of agriculture has become a necessity for countries. In addition, this article shows the advantages and delays of digitalization in the agricultural sector. In recent years, much has been done in Azerbaijan in the field of digital transformation of agriculture. In particular, the Electronic Agricultural Information System (EAIS), Farmer Data Monitoring System, Electronic Price Information Portal, Geographic Information Systems and other applications can be mentioned. As a result, it should be noted that despite the great work done in the field of digital transformation of agriculture, much remains to be done.

Process and importance of Artificial Insemination in Cows

Aishee Rauthan || Premjeet Mehta || Dr. Pankaj Nautiyal || Sapna Jayara || Saumya Nautiyal || Ritika Bhaskar || Ankit Semwal

Country - India

Full Text Pdf

For the continuity of life on this earth, reproduction is an important phenomena which is either done sexually or asexually. Among the five classes of vertebrate animals only mammals are viviparous i.e. can give birth to young ones but there are some who cannot conceive due to infertility disorders and thus artificial techniques of reducing the infertility percentage have been developed. Cattles being mammals can perform sexual mating naturally but in order to get an offspring as per our requirements like high milk yielding etc. Artificial insemination are performed. In India, the study of Artificial Insemination was first started in 1941 by Dr. Millar in Naini Agricultural University after which Indian Veterinary Research Institute also started the research in the field developing techniques of Artificial Insemination. In Order to perform Artificial Insemination, first of all healthy semen are collected from the fertile bulls by using a artificial vagina which is constructed in such a way that it feels like a natural vagina to the bull. The semen thus collected are injected in the Rectum of Cows by Rectovaginal method. In this method, a semen containing syringe is injected in the mid cervix within the rectum of the Cow. Artificial Insemination is complicated process and its success rate depends on a skillful hand. Therefore, in this paper we have briefly discussed the process and importance of Artificial Insemination in Cows.

Development of a Groundnut Decorticator with an Aspiration Cleaner

Gbabo A. || Gana I.M. || Ojo O. O. || Pius U. B. || Ajagbe O. T.

Country - Nigeria

Full Text Pdf

A groundnut decorticator with an aspiration cleaner was designed, tested, and developed. It was designed to address the issue of groundnut shelling efficiency, cleaning efficiency, and groundnut breakage that has been found in several groundnut decorticators. Hopper, shelling unit, aspiration unit, collection unit, and frame make up the machine. The machine was successfully designed, fabricated, and tested on three groundnut varieties: Samnut24, Samnut25, and Virginia, at three different working speeds: 200, 250, and 300 rpm. Machine capacity, shelling efficiency, cleaning efficiency, percent whole grain, and percent broken grain are all considered. The machine has the highest capacity of 134.034kg/h at 300 rpm, a shelling efficiency of 89.35 percent, a cleaning efficiency of 85.06 percent, and a percent of whole grains of 75 percent with 5-11 percent broken grains for the three types, according to the results. The machine capacity was 81 kg/h at 200 rpm, with a shelling efficiency of 84.75 percent, a cleaning efficiency of 81.42 percent, and a percent of whole grains of 60% at 200 rpm and a percent of broken grains of 5% at 300 rpm for the Virginia groundnut variety. With the findings obtained from the machine, it is expected that this machine will be able to solve the problem of farmers by reducing drudgery in manual groundnut shelling and therefore increasing agricultural production.

Productivity of Introduced Peach Varieties

Sarhadova Zamina Fikrat

Country - Azerbaijan

The article provides information on the productivity of the introduced peach varieties. Melox-26, Melox-31, Melox-37, Netix-25, Netix-28, Netix-30, Netix-34, Redix-25, Redix-27, Redix-30, Redix-2-110, Malix-25, Malix-36, introduced in the conditions of Guba-Khachmaz region It was carried out on Malix-145, Guayox-30, Guayox-35, Gartairo, Gardeta peach varieties. The study envisages the study of agrobiological characteristics, development indicators and adaptation of these varieties to soil and climatic conditions of the region. In the study, the productivity indicators of the varieties were compared using the Fadai variety taken as a control variety. As a result of the research, the average productivity indicators of peach plant varieties per 1 tree and 1 hectare were determined for 2018-2020. As a result of studying the productivity of peach varieties during the study years, it was determined that the average yield per tree and per hectare in the peach varieties involved in the study was Netix-25 (14.2 kg and 94.34 cent/ha), Redix-25 (13.9 kg and 92.35 cent/ha), Netix-30 (13.6 kg and 90.35 cent/ha), Melox-31 (14.9 kg and 99.67 cent/ha), Guayox-35 (13.5 kg and 89.91 cent/ha) and Gardeta (14.0 kg and 93.01 cent/ha) varieties had relatively high indicators. In addition, the smallest significant difference between the varieties was identified.

Influence of Organic Selenium Application in Concentrate Mixtures on the Increase of Ducks in Fattening

Amir Zenunović || Midhat Glavić || Husein Vilić || Emir Mujić || Toni Babić

Country - Bosnia and Herzegovina

Full Text Pdf

Poultry meat, including duck meat, has a high nutritional value (over 20% protein and less than 5% fat in the meat of breasts and drumsticks with carb). These data refer to hybrid duck lines intended for fattening. Modern production of duck meat implies intensive fattening in a period of 49 days with the correct selection of hybrids, arrangement and control of zoohygienic and microclimatic conditions in facilities and the use of optimized feed mixtures. Taking into account the interest of consumers, it is very important that fattened ducklings have good yields and favorable carcass conformation, which is influenced by: hybrid, sex, age, health, diet, live weight, length of fattening and conditions and ways of keeping ducklings in fattening. Today, it is a well-known fact in the world that animal nutrition can affect the nutritional value of meat, milk, eggs, and that it is one of the ways to get food with special properties known as functional food. Selenium-enriched foods can also be considered functional foods.

The Effect of Adding Fermented Shrimp Waste Extract in Ration on Metabolizable Energy Value and Nitrogen Retention in Native Chicken

Abun Abun || Reikha Aulia Ananda || Deny Saefulhadjar

Country - Indonesia

Full Text Pdf

The study aimed to determine the level of use of fermented shrimp waste extract (FSWE) in the diet, which produced the highest metabolizable energy value and nitrogen retention in native chickens. The study used 100 male native chickens aged 12 weeks placed in 20 cage units. The study used a completely randomized design, 5 treatments, and 4 replications. The treatments consisted of R0 (basal ration that did not contain FSWE), R1 (basal ration with the addition of 0.5% FSWE), R2 (basal ration with the addition of 1.0% FSWE), R3 (basal ration with the addition of 1.5% FSWE), R4 (basal ration with the addition of 2% FSWE). The observed variables were the value of metabolizable energy, nitrogen corrected metabolizable energy, and nitrogen retention. The research data were analyzed using analysis of variance followed by Dunnet's test. The results showed that the addition of 1.5% FSWE in the diet resulted in the highest value of metabolizable energy and nitrogen retention in native chickens.

Preventive Measures for Residual Aflatoxins in Milk and Dairy Products

Kirti Sharma || Anil Kanaujia

Country - India

Full Text Pdf

Potential threats to human health related to dairy products and dairy farming include errors in pasteurization, consumption of raw milk products, contamination of milk products by emerging heat-resistant pathogens, emergence of antimicrobial resistance in zoonotic pathogens, chemical adulteration of milk etc. Mammals that ingest aflatoxin B1 (AFB1)-contaminated diets excrete amounts of the principal 4-hydroxylated metabolite known as aflatoxin M1 into milk. According to Official Journal of European Union, the maximum level of aflatoxin M1 (μg/Kg) is 0.05 in milk (raw milk, milk for the manufacture of milk-based products and heat-treated milk). Determination of aflatoxins concentration in food stuff and feeds is very important. However, due to their low concentration in foods and feedstuff, analytical methods for detection and quantification of aflatoxins have to be specific, sensitive, and simple to carry out. The addition of sequestering or binding agents to aflatoxin contaminated feedstuffs is one of the most used methods worldwide as an approach to reduce toxicity of mycotoxins by reducing reactivity of bound mycotoxins and reducing their intestinal absorption.

Multilayer Farming: an Initiative towards Increasing Farmer’s Income

Abha Saxena || Deepti Rai

Country - India

Full Text Pdf

Due to rapid urbanisation, highway building and fertile land degradation, soil erosion, soil salinity and water extraction, our agriculture land is diminishing day by day. Multilayer farming is one of the viable technologies that involve multi species cultivation, both annual and perennial, as an alternative to sustainable growth for small and marginal farmers that can produce higher economic returns per unit area. It is a multiple cropping scheme of dynamic collaborative activities that enhance the use of basic input such as manure, air, water, soil, solar radiation etc. Multilayer cropping system is also beneficial for providing insurance against market glut of single commodity, growing up according to market demand; maintaining an ecological balance and generating high from per unit area, supply food and nutritional security to the farming family.